I went into Azure and sure enough it was shut down. I restarted it and got back in.
Upon logging back in, a colleague noted in the lower right hand corner the message of 'Windows License is expired' (Figure 1 below).
The machine was built off of a script where the server needed to be 'rearmed' so the license is no longer expired. There are two ways to do this:
- Click the 'Rearm Server' script in the start menu all the way to the right (Figure 2)
- Open the command prompt as an admin and type in 'slmgr -rearm'.
Special thanks to Devin @devkitt